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2017上海暑期英语九升高一第16讲-阅读拓展训练-教案PF6TH24HP0TB

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精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名: 年 级:九升高一 授课日期 主 题 学科教师: 辅导科目:英语 时 间 A/B/C/D/E/F段 阅读拓展训练 1. 在主题阅读中学会阅读题的做题思路。

2. 掌握阅读中的相关的单词、短语、语法以及句型表达; 3. 灵活迁移阅读信息到相关的写作表达中去。

教学内容 学习目标 1、 上次课后巩固作业复习; 2、 互动探索 此环节设计时间在 15 分钟。

教学建议: 这是一个借助图片,然后结合后面的介绍文章,问学生以下问题并要求学生用英语回答: 1、 What is happiness? 2、 How do you understand happiness? 1 / 22

此环节教案预期时间 60 分钟 教学建议: 1. 根据文章难度和学生程度要求学生在限定时间内完成阅读; 2. 要求学生概括文章大意,养成从总体上把握文章的习惯; 3. 让学生之间相互对答案; 4. 鼓励学生自己解释和别人答案不同的题目以便老师了解学生的解题思路及错误原因; 5. 让错误较多的学生总结错误原因及注意事项。

6. 文章中重点短语及句型学习。

7. 让学生从文章中挑选出自己认为的好句子,对句子进行详细解析或者模仿造句。

知识点 1:题型说明 本次讲义采用情感类型的短文,主要是因为学生们对此类话题比较熟悉可以提高学生们的兴趣和积极性, 同时文章中涉及很多高中中重要的单词,短语和语法,所以老师在训练学生的阅读能力的同时还可以在语境 下适当地帮学生们拓展新的重要的知识点。

知识点 2:答题方法 读这类文章要特别注意做好事实细节题。

对于细节试题,同学们要先从题干中找到关键性词语,然后采用 略读或跳读,快速在文章中寻找相关细节,找到后再把这一部分内容仔细阅读一遍,细心比较所给选项与文 中细节的区别,在准确理解了细节的前提下,最终确定最佳答案。

具体解题步骤如下: 1. 读题干:阅读题干,发现关键词和起主导作用的内容。

一般情况下,问题出现的前后顺序与文章中细节 和事实出现的先后顺序是一致的。

2. 找细节:阅读文章内容,寻找与题干相符合的具体细节。

要注意的是,对作者使用的同义词或与之相关 的词语和句子千万不能忽略。

3. 巧答题:根据前两步所得到的信息回答问题。

阅读问题所给的四个选项,检查文中的细节与哪一项相符。

当题干中有诸如“NOT”或“except”时,同学们一定要特别小心,力求在文章中找到相关的有力证据。

I.Read and choose the best answer. (A) Finding true happiness is a universal aspiration (渴望). We all want it, but can we all have it? Genuine happiness is written all over our faces when we are truly contented, and, likewise, a forced smile does nothing to hide underlying sadness. Believing that everyone can create their own lasting joy, Matthieu Richard has been declared the Happiest Man in the World. Richard earned his “happiest man” status after a series of laboratory tests in 2004. Richard has shared his thoughts on happiness with a worldwide audience. As an experienced speaker, he has explained his insights into happiness to everyone, from students to corporate groups. Looking inwards to find joy rather than relying on outer conditions, he believes, is the way to achieve well-being. 2 / 22

“It‟s quite clear that the outer conditions are not enough. The way we interpret those outer conditions in our inner experience is what determines either a sense of well-being or misery. We love to go jogging for fitness and we do all kinds of things to remain beautiful, yet we spend surprisingly little time taking care of what matters most: the way our minds function. It‟s the essential thing that determines the quality of our experience.” Besides this, Richard stresses that it is not what‟s happening around us that makes us unhappy, but rather the way we choose to react to it. The pursuit of happiness is being a modern obsession (痴迷) . As life bees more plex, our ability to process our reactions to various outside influences is under strain. “Genuine happiness” he says, “doesn‟t mean pleasant feelings one after the other. It’s more like a series of qualities that we can develop as skills — like openness, genuine love, passion, inner strength and inner peace.” 1. Richard has been declared the Happiest Man in the World _______. A. because he has shared his thoughts on happiness with a worldwide audience B. after he has explained his insights into happiness to everyone C. after a series of laboratory tests D. because he tries his best to achieve happiness and well-being 2. According to Richard, what is the best way to achieve well-being? A. Interpreting those outer conditions in our inner experience. B. Looking inwards to find joy rather than relying on outer conditions. C. Spending little time taking care of what matters most. D. Reacting to various outside influences in the modern world 3. What determines the quality of our experience? A. The way our minds react to outer conditions. B. Insights into happiness that we hold. C. The constant pursuit of happiness in our life. D. Those outer conditions affecting our happiness. 4. How can we pursuit happiness? A. Go jogging for happiness. B. Do everything to remain beautiful. C. Make sure that our minds are functioning normally. D. Develop necessary qualities. 【文章大意】真正的幸福写在我们的脸上,同样,强颜欢笑掩饰不了内心的悲伤。

【篇章结构】 关键词、句 a universal aspiration;Genuine happiness is 第 一 部 分 written all over our faces ; a forced smile (Para. 1) does nothing to hide underlying sadness. Looking inwards to find joy rather than relying on outer conditions; the outer conditions are not enough;the essential thing that determines the quality of our experience.;not what‟s happening around us ,but rather the way we choose Genuine happiness;skills — like openness, ge nuine love, passion, inner strength and 3 / 22 段落 大意推测 提出话题:真正的幸福写在我 们的脸上,同样,强颜欢笑掩 饰不了内心的悲伤。

话题论证:内在的东西决定幸 福;我们选择的方式决定幸福 第 二 部 分 (Para. 2-3) 第 三 部 分 (Para. 4) 解决问题:如何获得真正的幸 福

inner peace 【解析】 1. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 细节理解题。

文中第二段第二句 R ichard earned his“happiest man”status after a series of laboratory tests in 2004.意为:2004 年经过一系列的实验室的实验,理查德获得“最快乐的人”的称号。

据此,答案为 C。

2. 【答案】B 【试题解析】细节理解题。

文章第二段最后一句 Looking inwards to find joy rather than relying on out er conditions, he believes, is the way to achieve well-being.他相信从内心中而不是从外在的条件中去寻求快乐是获 取快乐的方法。

由此可知 B 为答案。

3. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 细节理解题。

文中第三段第四行 we spend surprisingly little time taking care of what matters most: the way our minds function. It‟s the essential thing that determines the quality of our experience.意为:令人吃惊的是: 我们几乎没有花费时间去注意最重要的事情:我们内心的反应方式。

这是决定我们认知水平的关键。

据此, 确定答案为 A。

4. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理判断题。

文中第四段最后一句 “Genuine happiness” he says, “doesn’ t mean pleasant feelings one after the other. It’s more like a series of qualities that we can develop as skills—like openness, genuine love, passion, inner strength and inner peace.”答案选择 D。

【词汇扩充】 1.universal 普遍的;全体的 The insurance industry has produced its own proposals for universal health care... 保险业提出了自己的全民医疗保健方案。

The desire to look attractive is universal. 爱美之心,人皆有之。

2. genuine 真正的;非伪造的;名副其实的 They're convinced the picture is genuine. 他们确信这幅画是真品。

3. audience 观众;听众 The entire audience broke into loud applause... 全场观众爆发出热烈的掌声。

4. essential 绝对必要的;必不可少的;基本的 As they must also sprint over short distances, speed is essential... 由于他们也必须进行短跑,因此速度至关重要。

【长难句分析】 1.Finding true happiness is a universal aspiration (渴望). We all want it, but can we all have it? Genuine happiness is written all over our faces when we are truly contented, and, likewise, a forced smile does nothing to hide underlying sadness. 【翻译】找到幸福是全世界人民所渴望的。

我们都需要它,但是我们都能得到它吗?当我的真正满足的时候, 真正的幸福写在我们的脸上,同样,强颜欢笑掩饰不了内心的悲伤。

4 / 22

【分析】句中的 Likewise 相当于 too, also.但是更为正式,并可能暗示各成分之间的平等和相似。

如:1) He is our friend and likewise our leader. 他是我们的朋友并且也是我们的领导。

2) You forgot to mention that her parents were likewise going to attend the ceremony.你忘了提到她父母也打算去参加仪式。

2. The way we interpret those outer conditions in our inner experience is what determines either a sense of well-being or misery. 【翻译】所以,我们要做的就是一到 17 岁就接受路考,得到驾 照。

【分析】本句的主干是 all is to take a road test and get a driver’s license 。

we have to do 是定语从句,修饰先 行词 all; to take... and get..是不定式做表语;the moment“一...就...”,引导状语从句。

【语法点滴】 如何表达“。

,就。

” 1. as soon as 是一..就..的意思 Write to me as soon as you arrive in England 你一到英格兰就要给我写信. 2.Hardly „ when 是固定句型,表示“一``就``” Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。

3.no sooner„than 表示“刚一„„就„„” We had no sooner arrived at the park than it begab to rain. 我们刚一到机场就开始下雨。

4.on/upon On arriving, he called me 他一到就给我打电话。

5.The moment / The minute / The instant / Directly / Immediately /Instantly The moment / The minute / The instant / Directly / Immediately /Instantly he comes, please let me know. (B) Mere is an astonishing and significant fact: Mental work alone can‟t make us tired. It sounds absurd. But a few years ago, scientists tr to find out how long the human brain could labor without reaching a stage of fatigue (疲 劳).To the amazement of these scientists, they discovered that blood passing through the brain, when it is active, shows no fatigue at all! If we took a drop of blood from a day laborer, we would find it full of fatigue toxins (毒素) and fatigue products. But if we took blood from the brain of an Albert Einstein, it would show no fatigue toxins at the end of the day. So far as the brain is concerned, it can work as well and swiftly at the end of eight or even twelve hours of effort as at the beginning. The brain is totally tireless. So what makes us tired? Some scientists declare that mo st of our fatigue comes from our mental and emotional (情感的)attitudes. One of England‟s most outstanding scientists, J. A. Hadfield, says, “The greater part of the fatigue from which we suffer is of mental origin. In fact, fatigue of purely physical origin is rare.” Dr. Brill, a famous American scientist, goes even further. He declares, “One hundred percent of the fatigue of a sitting worker in good health is due to emotional problems.” What kinds of emotions make sitting workers tired? Joy? Satisfaction? No! A feeling of being bored, anger, anxiety, tenseness, worry, a feeling of not being appreciated - those are the emotions that tire sitting workers. Hard work by itself seldom causes fatigue. We get tired because our emotions produce nervousness in the body. 5 / 22

1. What surprised the scientists a few years ago? A. Fatigue toxins could hardly be found in a laborer‟s blood. B. Albert Einstein didn‟t feel worn out after a day‟s work. C. The brain could work for many hours without fatigue. D. A mental worker‟s blood was filled with fatigue toxins. 2. According to the author, which of the following can make sitting workers tired? A. Challenging mental work. B. Unpleasant emotions. C. Endless tasks. D. Physical labor. 3. What's the author‟s attitude towards the scientists‟ ideas? A. He agrees with them. B. He doubts them. C. He argues against them. D. He hesitates to accept them. 4. We can infer from the passage that in order to stay energetic, sitting workers need to_____ . A. have some good food B. enjoy their work C. exercise regularly D. discover fatigue toxins 【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。

科学家们发现脑力劳动并不能使人感到劳累,使人感到累的是人的精神与 情感状态,即:厌烦、生气、焦急、紧张、忧虑以及不被欣赏。

【篇章结构】 段落 第 一 部 分 (Para. 1) 关键词、句 an astonishing and significant fact; Mental work alone can‟t make us tired; sounds absurd 大意推测 脑力劳动不会使人劳累:一 个令人惊讶又有意义的事实; 脑力劳动不会使人觉得劳累; 听起来很荒唐 使人产生劳累的因素: 我们的精神和情感态度; 一种 厌烦、愤怒、焦急、紧张、忧 虑、 不被欣赏的感觉; 在体内 产生紧张感 our mental and emotional attitudes;A feeling of being bored, anger, anxiety, 第 二 部 分 tenseness, worry, a feeling of not being (Para. 2-4) appreciated;produce nervousness in the body. 【解析】 1.C。

细节推理题。

找到关键词 surprise, 定位第一段。

根据 Mere is an astonishing and significant fact: Mental work alone can‟t make us tired. It sounds absurd.(Mere 是一个令人惊讶又有意义的事实:仅仅脑力劳动不能使我们觉 得累。

这听起来有点荒唐) 。

锁定答案 C。

2.B。

细节判断题。

找到关键词句 can make sitting workers tired, 定位末段。

根据 A feeling of being bored, anger, anxiety, tenseness, worry, a feeling of not being appreciated - those are the emotions that tire sitting workers(一种厌 烦、愤怒、焦急、紧张、忧虑、不被欣赏的感觉,这些是使脑力工作者感到累的情感因素) 。

因此,答案为 B。

3.A。

态度判断题。

这是一篇说明文,文章的主旨或者作者的态度一般在首末段体现。

文章的首段首句 Mere 6 / 22

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