山东省夏津县万隆中学 2015-2016 学年八年级下学期第二次月考 英语试题 （时间：120 分钟 满分：120 分） 一． 单项选择 ( )1. _________ picture books in class, please. A. Not read B. No read C. Not reading D. Don't read ( )2. --Is Jim at school today? -- No, he's at home ______ he has a bad cold. A. because B. if C. though D. until ( )3. -- You are not going out today, are you? --_______ I want to go shopping. A. Yes, I'm B. No, I'm not C. Yes, I am D. No, I am ( )4. The teacher asked me ________ I needed any help. A. whether B. that C. what D. which ( )5.-- The problem is too difficult, can you show me ______ , WangLe? -- Sure. A. what to work it out C. how to work it out B. what to work out it D. how to work out it ( )6. I want to know if they _________ the spring sports meeting next month. If they _______ it, I must get ready for it. A. hold, will hold. C. hold, hold B. will hold, hold D. will hold, will hold ( )7. I'll let you know as soon as he _________. A. comes back B. will come back C. is coming back D. come back ( )8. Our teacher told us the earth ________ round the sun all the time. A. moved B. travels C. going D. circle ( )9. She asked me ________. A. where did I live C. where I lived ( B. where did you live D. I lived where )10. Could you tell me _________?
A. how old is your son B. that he will come here soon. C. whether is it fine tomorrow. D. who is going to speak at the meeting 二.阅读理解 A Unless we spend money to spot(认出，发现) and prevent asteroids(小行星) now, one might crash into Earth and destroy life as we know it, say some scientists. Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids(流星体) that race across the night sky. Most orbit the sun far from Earth and don’t threaten us. But there are also thousands of asteroids whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth. But $500 million worth of new telescopes right now, then spend $10 million a year for the next 25 years to locate most of the space rocks. By the time we spot a fatal one, the scientists say, we’ll have a way to change its course. Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk are (i) How likely the event is; (2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs. Experts think an asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once every 500,000 years. Sounds pretty rare but if one did fall. It would be the end of the world. “If we don’t take care of these bid asteroids, they’ll take care of us,” says one scientist. “it’s that simple.” The cure, though, might be worse than the disease. Do we really want fleets(舰队，车队) of nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth? “the world has less fear from doomsday(毁灭性) rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them.” Said a New York Times article. 1. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids? A. They are heavenly bodies different in composition. B. They are heavenly bodies similar in nature. C. They are more asteroids than meteoroids. D. Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids. 2. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth? A. It is very unlikely but the danger exists. B. Such a collision might occur once every 25 years. C. Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected. D. It’s still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.
3. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the course of asteroids? A. It sounds practical but it may not solve the problem. B. It may create more problems than it might solve. C. It is a waste of money because a collision of asteroids with Earth is very unlikely. D. Further research should be done before it is proved applicable. 4. We can conclude from the passage that __ A. While pushing asteroids off course nuclear weapons would destroy the world. B. Asteroids racing across the night sky are likely to hit Earth in the near future. C. The worry about asteroids can be left to future generations since it is unlikely to happen in our lifetime. D. Workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with Earth. 5.. Which of the following best describes the author’s tone in this passage? A. Optimistic(乐观的) B.Critical(批评的) C. Objective(客观的) D. Arbitrary(武断的) B The law says that women should have the chance of doing the same jobs as men and earn the same as them. The reality is very different. Women lose because, 25 years after the Equal Pay Act, many of them still get paid less than men. They lose because they do lower-paid jobs which men just won’t consider. And they lose they are the ones who interrupt a career to have children. All this is reported in an independent study ordered by the Government’s women’s unite. The biggest problem isn’t equal pay in work places such as factories. It is a sort of work women do. Make a list of low-paid of jobs_ then consider who does them. Try nurses, secretaries, cleaner, clerks, teachers in primary schools, dinner ladies, and child care helpers. Not a lot of men among that group, are there? Yet some of those jobs are really important. Surely no one would deny that about nurses and teachers, for a start. So why do we reward the people who do them so poorly? There can be only one answer--- because they are women. This is not going to be put right overnight. But the Government, which employs a lot of them,, and other
bosses have to make a start. It is disgraceful(可耻的) that we have gone into the 21st Century still treating women like second-class citizens. 1. Women should have the chance of doing the same jobs and be paid equally as men ____. A. after 25 years B. according to the law C. as a result of the Equal Pay Act D. because women are as strong as men 2. We can learn from the text what the problem really matters is ____. A. that the women interrupt a career to have children B. what sort of work women do C. because they are women D. what an unfair pay women get in workplaces. 3. Which of the following best describes the writer’s idea? A. Women should get equal pay for equal work to that of men. B. Women should strengthen 加强 themselves. C. The Government ought to protect women against getting paid less than men. D. Some of the jobs that women do are of great importance. 4. When the writer says “This is not going to be put right overnight”, he means ____. A. we must solve the problem very quickly. B. there is not completely fair thing all over the world. C. we need a long time to change the unfair reality. D. the problem that women lose will be solved soon. 5. Which do you think would be the best title for this passage? A. Work to give women a fair pay deal. B. Time to change the situation. C. Equal work, equal pay. D. Should women be treated like second-class citizens?